Prudens Information Resources for the Internet


Grids

Computing, Software & Infrastructure

A Prudens Knowledgebase

Public Grid Projects | Research Grids | Economic Development Grids | Companies |
Associations | Interesting Websites | References



Public Grid Projects

The world's largest public grid projects include:

Directories of public grid applications are maintained at Distributedcomputing.info and Grid.org, described in Interesting Websites, below.


Grids for Research and Education

Global and Regional Grids

Asia Pacific Grid (ApGrid) (http://www.apgrid.org/) a partnership for grid computing in the Asia Pacific region between 49 organizations from 14 countries as of February 2005

EU Grids

Large Hadron Collider Computing Grid Project (http://lcg.web.cern.ch/LCG/) which will utilize a research grid to analyze an estimated 15 petabytes of data on particle research to be generated each year, beginning in 2007. It has over 6,000 machines in 78 countries, ready to begin processing particle physics calculations.

NorduGrid (http://www.nordugrid.org/about.html)

National Grids

Biomedical Informatics Research Network (BIRN) (http://www.nbirn.net/) is for distributed collaborations in biomedical science by utilizing information technology innovations. It is sponsored by the National Institutes of Health.

Chinese National Computing Grid: (http://www.cngrid.org/english/category.html) China will build 17 teraflop computing grid to provide e-Science, e-Information and e-Instruments resources to 100 universities and research institutions in the country.

Grid3 (http://www.ivdgl.org/grid2003/) serving sites in the US and Korea.

Singapore National Grid: (http://www.ngp.org.sg/lsvgc/) will emphasize a range of disciplines, including bioinformatics. More information is available from a Singapore National Grid News Release (http://www.bii.a-star.edu.sg/newsevents/news.asp?newsid=3).

NASA's Information Power Grid (http://www.ipg.nasa.gov/)

National LambdaRail (NLR) (http://www.nlr.net/) is being developed by a consortium of academic institutions in cooperation with Cisco Systems, and in association with Internet2. Each institution will be assigned a frequency (or lambda) in an optical cable which will allow to conduct grid operations independently of each other.

NEESit-Earthquake Engineering Research (http://it.nees.org/) links earthquake researchers across the US with leading-edge computing resources and research equipment, allowing collaborative teams to plan, perform, and publish their experiments.

Particle Physics Data Grid (PPDG) (http://www.ppdg.net) will be established from the SciDAC project (Particle Physics Data Grid Collaboratory Pilot) for research in particle and nuclear physics.

TeraGrid (http://www.teragrid.org/) is sponsored by the National Science Foundation. It is expected to grow from the current computing resources of nine academic and research labs with 20 teraflops of computing power accessible via a 40 Gbit/sec optical network.

UK eScience Grid (http://www.research-councils.ac.uk/escience/) a UK funded project to enable collaborative scientific computing.


Local Grids for Economic Development

California: Economic Strategy Institute, California's Technology Future: the Likely Impact of Grid Computing and Web Services on the State's Economy from 2002 to 2010, March 31, 2003 (http://www.commerce.net/docs/ESI-study-part-1.pdf)

Colorado's CoGrid (http://cogrid.colostate.edu)

West Virginia's Grid Project Feasibility Analysis (http://www.isr.us/NR12_23_03_ISR.asp)

North Carolina: Ahead of the Game

North Carolina has recognized the economic value of grid computing and is in the process of leveraging its BioGrid infrastructure to support small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). North Carolina's BioGrid is expanding to serve other disciplines and has been renamed the Enterprise Grid. This is the continuing evolution of technology and economic development in North Carolina. Following up on its innovative development of Research Triangle Park, one of the world's most successful science parks, North Carolina funded the non-profit corporation, Microelectronics Center of North Carolina (MCNC), in 1980 to lead technology-based economic development in the state by partnering with academia, industry, government and other non-profit institutions devoted to economic development. This organization evolved into "MCNC" and originated a number of new services including:

This information has been summarized from the MCNC web site (http://www.mcnc-gcns.org/) and a press release (http://www.mcnc-rdi.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=news_item&id=326).


Companies

The Enterprise Grid Alliance (http://www.gridalliance.org/en/index.asp)

Some of the leading providers of grid software and services are:


Associations

Enterprise Grid Alliance (http://www.gridalliance.org/en/index.asp) is a consortium formed to develop enterprise grid solutions and accelerate the deployment of grid computing in enterprises.

EPCGlobal, Inc. (http://www.epcglobalinc.org/) is a nonprofit consortium of supply-chain partners, is implementing open standards for M2M communications networking, including the use of RFID and the electronic product code (EPC).

Global Grid Forum (http://www.gridforum.org) is a community-initiated forum of thousands of individuals and organizations from industry and research leading the global standardization effort for open source grid computing.

The Globus Alliance (http://www.globus.org/) is developing the Globus Toolkit, which has become the de facto standard of large-scale grid computing. The toolkit grid services include security, information infrastructure, resource management, data management, communication, fault detection and portability services and standards. After an initial emphasis on science and engineering applications, Globus is also assisting to develop business grid applications standards. The Globus Consortium, part of the Globus Alliance, includes Hewlett Packard (HP), IBM, Intel, Sun Microsystems, and Nortel Networks.

Information on the adoption of OSGA specifications at the Globus Alliance can be found at (http://www.globus.org/ogsa/). An extensive list of research papers is available on the site.


Interesting Websites

Distributedcomputing.info (http://distributedcomputing.info/) is private site that tracks the status of all types of distributed computing projects.

Grid Cafe (http://gridcafe.web.cern.ch/gridcafe/): an introductory site for grid computing.

The Grid Computing Information Centre (GRID Infoware): (http://www.gridcomputing.com) aims to promote the development and advancement of technologies that provide seamless and scalable access to wide-area distributed resources.

Grid.org (http://www.grid.org/home.htm) is a single destination site for large-scale, non-profit research projects of global significance.

A list science and engineering grids, maintained by Ian Foster, a noted grid researcher, can be found at (http://www-fp.mcs.anl.gov/~foster/grid-projects/).

The "Top 500" supercomputer site (http://top500.org/)


References

Buyya, Rajkumar, Economic Paradigm for Resource Management and Scheduling for Service-Oriented Grid Computing, Ph.D. thesis (http://www.buyya.com/thesis/) and a related web site on the Economy Grid (http://www.cs.mu.oz.au/%7eraj/ecogrid/)

Foster,I., C. Kesselman, S. Tuecke., The Anatomy of the Grid: Enabling Scalable Virtual Organizations, International J. Supercomputer Applications, 15(3), 2001. Defines Grid computing and the associated research field, proposes a Grid architecture, and discusses the relationships between Grid technologies and other contemporary technologies. (http://www.globus.org/research/papers.html#anatomy)

Foster, I., C. Kesselman, J. Nick, S. Tuecke, The Physiology of the Grid: An Open Grid Services Architecture for Distributed Systems Integration, Open Grid Service Infrastructure WG, Global Grid Forum, June 22, 2002. (http://www.globus.org/research/papers.html#OGSA)

Gershenfeld, N., R Kirkorian and D. Cohen, The Internet of Things, Scientific American, Oct. 2004, pp 76-81.

Grid Computing and its Projected Impact on North Carolina's Economy & Broadband Use through 2010, September 2003 (http://www.econstrat.org/Grid_Report_Oct-28-03.pdf)

Hamstra, D., Grid Computing: Electrifying Web Services, Web Services Journal, v.2(9). (http://sys-con.com/webservices/article.cfm?id=347)

Hinke, Thomas H., Grid Technology as a Cyberinfrastructure for Earth Science Application, (http://esto.nasa.gov/conferences/estc2004/presentation/A3/a3p1.pdf) PDF file, NASA Ames Research Center

Strohmeyer, Eric, Jack J. Dongarra, Hans W. Meuer, Horst D. Simon, Recent Trends in the Marketplace of High Performance Computing , CTWatch Quarterly (http://www.ctwatch.org/quarterly)




Dr. James E. Burke is a Principal in Burke Technology Services (BTS). BTS provides business assistance to startup technology companies, or organizations planning or integrating new technologies; develops and manages technology projects; performs technology evaluation and commercialization, and assists in technology-based economic development.

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