Prudens Information Resources for the Internet



A Prudens Knowledgebase

Patents | Business Plan Resources | Useful Websites | References | Growth of Online Sales


Chilling Effects Clearinghouse Patent Resources: ( Law school students monitor business method patents and e-Commerce patents (

Consumer Page on Technology (CPT) Business Method and Software Patents: ( hasn't been updated since 2001, but is still useful.

U.S. Patent and Trademark Office ( is the official U.S. web site for patent information. (All)

Business Plan Resources

Business Planning Assistance: There are many sources of business planning assistance on the Web, such as:

Always On ( is a source of Internet news and resources. Free signup required. (e-Business, e-Security, Software & Computing with an emphasis on Enterprise IT)

Brint Institute ( focuses on business technology management and knowledge management.

Caslon Analytics ( is an Internet research, analysis and strategies consultancy. (e-Business, e-Publishing)

The Datamation ( site for information technology management covers a range of subjects (e-Business and e-Security). ( is an Internet payments news and resource center.

EPSScentral Knowledge Network ( provides performance-centered solutions to businesses, organizations, academia, government, and military.

First Monday ( is an Internet peer reviewed journal devoted solely to the Internet.

EPCGlobal, Inc. ( is a nonprofit consortium of supply-chain partners, is implementing open standards for M2M communications networking, including the use of RFID and the electronic product code (EPC).

IDG Publishing Network ( including InfoWorld, Computerworld, CIO, PCworld, Macworld. (All)

The IMS Global Learning Consortium (, is a non-profit consortia of over 50 organizations support the adoption and use of learning technology worldwide. IMS develops and promotes the adoption of open technical specifications for interoperable learning technologies such as ePortfolios, tools interoperability, and web services.

Information Today, Inc. ( publishes Information Today, Online, and a number of other publications about Internet applications. (All)

Information Technology and Libraries ( publishes material about libraries and information technology. (Online Content & Information).

The Internet: Past, Present and Future ( is an Internet and WWW history, written by Jesper Vissing Laursen, last updated in 1997. Also see the Brief History of the Internet (above).

The Internet Archive ( is building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form (Distributed Computing & Infrastructure, Online Content & Information).

Internet Library For Librarians ( is a portal designed for librarians to locate internet resources related to their profession. (Online Content & Information) ( is an information resource about enterprise IT solutions. (All)

The Institute of IT Training ( sets standards for classroom and online training in information technology.

The International Institute of Electrical Engineers (IEEE) ( promotes the engineering process of creating, developing, integrating, sharing, and applying knowledge about electro and information technologies and sciences.

International Organization for Standards (ISO) ( has 100 standard setting bodies, worldwide, including the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). The ISO 9000 series standards for organizations was developed to harmonize international standards for quality management and management. One of many Web sites explaining the ISO standards can be found at (

Jupiter Research ( is a resource site for business intelligence. Free guest membershiprequired. (All)

Kauffman Foundation's EntreWorld ( provides a world of resources to entrepreneurs

The Liberty Alliance (, is led by Sun Microsystems and AOL and supports open standards for web services, which are becoming the dominant standards. ( is an aggregator of published market research available on-demand. Much of it is free. (All)

Moving Pictires Experts Group (MPEG) ( Standards Committee 29, Working Group 11 of ISO/IEC JTC1, which develops standards for digital audio and video. Also refers to a suite of standards developed by the group.

The National Information Standards Institute (NISO) (http://www. is a non-profit association that identifies, develops, maintains, and publishes technical standards to manage digital information, including data retrieval, re-purposing, storage, metadata, and preservation.

The Online Universities Weblog ( is an information source for degree-granting e-learning instuitutions. (e-Learning)

O'Reilly Media ( is a publishing company that provides resource centers for a range of IT subjects. (All)

The Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS) ( is a non-profit, international consortium that develops standards for Web services, security, and e-business. Founded in 1993, OASIS represents over 600 organizations in 100 countries. OASIS hosts: ( is a blog about the economics of content. (e-Business, Online Content & Information)

RePEc (Research Papers in Economics) ( is a collaborative effort of over 100 volunteers in 44 countries to enhance the dissemination of research in economics. (e-Business)

Scientific American ( feature articles cover a range of science and technology subjects. (Online Content & Information)

Social Science Research Network ( is devoted to the rapid worldwide dissemination of social science research and is composed of a number of specialized research networks in each of the social sciences. It has an Abstract Database containing abstracts on over 89,500 scholarly working papers and an Electronic Paper Collection currently containing over 63,600 downloadable full text documents. (e-Business, Online Content & Information)

Spectra ( is the online news portal of the Museum Computer Network (Online Content & Information).

Tabor Communications ( is the publisher of Grid Today and other Internet technology publications. (Distributed Computing & Infrastructure)

TechWeb ( the business technology network of CMP's technology publications including Information Week and Internet Week. (All) ( is a portal for authoritative selected science information provided by U.S. Government agencies, including research and development results. (All)

Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography ( is a bibliography of selected English-language articles, books, and other printed and electronic sources that are useful in understanding scholarly electronic publishing efforts on the Internet. (e-Publishing).

Spectrum Online (, a publication of the IEEE has a guest area for research. (Distributed Computing & Infrastructure, Software & Computing)

UC eScholarship Repository ( is a service of the of the California Digital Library. Research and scholarly output included here has been selected and deposited by the individual researchers at the University of California. (All)

U.S. Census Bureau Economic Census ( profiles American business every 5 years, from the national to the local level. (e-Business)

The U.S. Census Bureau Statistical Abstract of the United States ( contains current census data about the U.S. (e-Business)

U.S. Government Computer Emergency Readiness Team (CERT) ( is a resource for security-related information. The CERT Coordination Center (, located at Carnagie Mellon University, studies Internet security vulnerabilities, provides incident response services to sites that have been the victims of attack, and publishes security alerts. (e-Security)

U.S. GPO Access: Science and Technology ( a service of the U.S. Government Printing Office that provides free electronic access to government reports and activities in science and technology. (All)

U.S. Small Business Administration Office of Economic Research ( provides reports and statistics about small business. (e-Business)


Christensen, Clayton M., The Innovator's Dilemma: When New Technologies Cause Great Firms to Fail, Harvard Business School Press, 1997

Drucker, Peter F., "Beyond the Information Revolution", The Atlantic Monthly, October 1999, p. 47. In discussing e-commerce, Drucker says that economies, markets and industry structures; products and services and their flow; consumer segmentation, consumer values, and consumer behavior; jobs and labor markets will change profoundly, and also, that new and unexpected industries will emerge.

Horrigan, John B. and Lee Rainie, America's Online Pursuits: The Changing Picture of Who's Online and What They Do, Pew Internet & American Life Project, p.13, ( Download the report at: (

Porter, Michael, Competitive Strategy: Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance, New York, Free Press, 1985

Porter, Michael E., Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors, The Free Press, New York, 1980.; "How Competitive Forces Shape Strategy", Harvard Business Review, March 1979.

Stabell, C.B., O.D. Fjeldstad (1998); "Configuring value for competitive advantage: on chains, shops, and networks", Strategic Management Journal, 19: 413-437; Timmers, Paul, "Business Models for Electronic Markets", Electronic Markets, v.8(2), 1998, pp.3-8; Afuah, Allan and Christopher L. Tucci, Internet Business Models and Strategies, Irwin McGraw Hill, New York, 2001; Thompson, James D., Organizations in Action, McGraw Hill, New York, 1967.

Growth of Online Sales

Business-to-Consumer (B2C) Sales Growth in the U.S.

Travel is such a big component of B2C sales that it is often broken out from the total, as shown below:

 Year	B2C without travel	Total B2C Sales		% of Total Retail
 2000	$17 billion		$42 billion			1%
 2001	$28 billion		$52 billion
 2002	$50 billion		$72 billion
 2003	$55 billion		$94 billion			5%
 2005	$86 billion		$130 billion (forecast)
 2008	    ---			$280 billion (forecast)
 2010	    ---			$331 billion (forecast)		13%
Sources: eMarketer, Forrester, Jupiter Research, National Retail Federation, U.S. Dept. of Commerce

Online Business-to-Business (B2B) Sales Growth

Since many businesses operate in a global forum it is interesting to compare U.S. and global purchases:

 Year	U.S. B2B Sales	Global B2B Sales
 2000	    ---		$354 billion
 2002	$330 billion	$830 billion
 2003	$721 billion	$1.4 trillion
 2004	$1.0 trillion	$2.7 trillion (forecast)
 2005			$3.4 trillion (forecast)
Sources: eMarketer, Forrester, and IDC. Note that while interest in these statistics was high when the Internet was first used for commerce, it has waned since online commerce became commonplace and inseparable from total global commerce.

Dr. James E. Burke is a Principal in Burke Technology Services (BTS). BTS provides business assistance to startup technology companies, or organizations planning or integrating new technologies; develops and manages technology projects; performs technology evaluation and commercialization, and assists in technology-based economic development.

Home | e-Reports | Knowledgebase | Books | Glossary

This web site is maintained by Burke Technology Services. Copyright © 2005-2008 PIRI. All rights reserved.